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Preliminary Research and Documentation

WIP - do not edit

The following research and documentation is meant to get this project started. Please consider this a work in progress. Significant work is needed to move this project forward.


RequirementsAlgae as a Food Source


  • Structure

    Spirulina is a microalgae that grows in both fresh and Material -salt Naturalwater. coralsOften arereferred madeto as blue-green algae, It is a family of calciumsingle-celled carbonate (limestone). We need to investigate if we can print using calcium carbonate and other materialsalgae that are are sturdyphotosynthetic and eco-friendly.can Thegrow structurein mustfresh bewater sturdyas enoughwell as salt water.

    It is one of the most popular food supplements and taste enhancers used by chefs all around the world. It comes packed with nutrition resulting a number of health benefits.

    Spirulina is super rich in proteins - about 60% to withstand70% underwaterof currentsspirulina is made up to proteins. In addition, it is rich in minerals like Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Phosphorus, Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Cobalt, Sulfur and impactChromium. 


    Spirulina bigis fish.a Thegood coloringsource mustfor lookvitamins natural.

  • like
  • Insideβ-carotene the(Pro-vitamin structureA), Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Biotin, and Folic acid. -


    Its structureother needsingredients toinclude havedietary chambersfibers, orpolysaccharides, crevicesLinoleic acid, Zeaxanthin, Chlorophyll a, and Nucleic acids that fish can use to hide from predators. Or make it their home. Fish love that. When designing the structure, we need to ensure that there is enough natural lightinghelp in the crevices.general Alsowell webeing needof tohumans.



    if we can add artificial lighting
    Cultivating and maybeProcessing evenSpirulina

    Cultivating and harvesting spirulina is a camerasimple toprocess. The study polypsprocess and othercultivation marineof life.

  • Spirulina
  • Rootingis theavailable structure - Natural corals tend to grow roots and grow into the in the ocean bed. The 3D printed coral must have a rooting structure that can be drilled into the ocean floor. This will make the overall structure sturdy enough to withstand under water currents and impact by big fish.





Bladder Wrack
Irish Moss
Sea Grapes
Sea Lettuce



Cultivating Algae


Harvesting Algae


Storing Algae


Algae Recipes







Figure 3 - Coral reef installation



In 1997 the first Saya de Malha expedition was conducted by Wolf Hilbertz, Thomas Goreau, Kai Hilbertz and Caroline Mekie. Due to the distance and cost of getting there, only 1.5 days could be spent on site on the North Bank. Several dives were conducted, about 1.5 hours of underwater video was taken documenting the fauna and flora, and a small Biorock™ coral nursery was constructed, powered by a single floating solar panel. The area was found to be dominated by seagrasses, but small coral reefs were found with a very high diversity of coral and fish species. 

Surprisingly these reefs were not dominated by any one group of corals, as is typical of most Indian Ocean reefs. Instead the coral populations consisted of small numbers of many different groups of corals, widely distributed. The larger corals were mostly rounded heads of Porites, or clumps of columnar Heliopora or Millepora, with smaller corals of many kinds around them. Many corals were observed to be loosely attached to the bottom, and many were being attacked by boring sponges, by several distinct coral diseases, or had algae overgrowing their edges.

Detailed information is available in the Saya de Malha Expedition (2002) report.

Also See

Dr. David Vaughan at the Mote Laboratory is growing coral 40 times faster than in the wild. The lab takes a coral that is about as big as a golf ball and cut it into 20 to 100 micro-fragments. Each fragment grows back in a few months. Detailed information and links are available in the Micro-Fragmenting report.


Marine Restoration - Coral Reefs



This project is being developed as an open-source project with the following licensing: